Parameter Type: Drinking Water Testing for Volatiles
What it is and Where it Comes From:
Endrin is an insecticide and is an organochloride with the chemical formula C12H8Cl6O that was first produced in 1950 by Shell and Velsicol Chemical Corporation. It was primarily used as an insecticide, as well as a rodenticide and piscicide. It is a colorless, odorless solid, although commercial samples are often off-white. The compound became infamous as a persistent organic pollutant and for this reason it is banned in many countries. Since endrin is no longer produced or used in the United States, most people are not likely to be exposed to this chemical. The most likely way that you could be exposed to small amounts of endrin is from eating or drinking imported contaminated food/drink. If you live near a hazardous waste site, you might be exposed to endrin from contaminated air, dirt, or water. In the environment, endrin can attach strongly to soil particles, which may prevent it from entering groundwater. However, it has been found in groundwater, which suggests that it can get into the groundwater under certain conditions. Endrin can enter rivers, lakes, or streams through rain or irrigation runoff and has been found to concentrate in fish and other aquatic animals. It will remain in soil for a long period of time (years). Drinking water testing gives you several benefits like peace of mind, identifying contaminants in your water, and insight into health concerns. Safe Home offers Laboratory drinking water testing kits for endrin, allowing you to collect your water sample and ship it directly to our EPA-Certified Laboratory. This platform of drinking water testing for endrin will give you an accurate level based on the lowest level of a parameter our instruments can detect (Method Detection Level). Safe Home drinking water testing for semi-volatiles can be used for city and well water supplies. Drinking water testing should be done any time you notice a significant change in your water quality.
Several studies show that the amount of endrin people are exposed to is far below the levels that would affect their health. People exposed to high levels of endrin, such as those seen in endrin poisoning, experience convulsions, jerking of legs and arms, twitching facial muscles, collapse, or even death. Animals that consumed high levels of endrin had similar effects as those seen in people, with the nervous system being the main target (convulsions). Endrin exposure also led to liver damage in these animals. The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has not classified endrin as to whether it can cause cancer in people. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) have determined that endrin is not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity (causing cancer) in humans.
Solutions to Contaminant Levels:
You have completed the drinking water testing process, what Is the next step? Most of the modern water filter systems have granular activated carbon in their cartridges to eliminate contaminants like endrin. A filter with granular activated carbon (GAC) is a proven option to remove certain chemicals, particularly organic chemicals, from water. Activated carbon is a porous material that removes organic compounds from liquids and gases by a process known as “adsorption.” In adsorption, organic molecules contained in a liquid or gas are attracted and bound to the surface of the pores of the activated carbon as the liquid or gas is passed through. Adsorption occurs on the internal surface of activated carbon, termed the adsorbent. During adsorption, liquids or gases pass through the highly porous structure of the activated carbon. The compound(s) to be removed, termed the adsorbate(s), diffuses to the surface of the adsorbent, and is retained because of attractive forces. The primary raw material used in the production of our activated carbons is bituminous coal that is crushed, sized, and processed in low temperature bakers followed by high-temperature activation furnaces. Activation develops the pore structure of the carbon. Through adjustments in the activation process, differentiated pores for a particular purification application are developed. Who do I need to contact to find out more information about water quality in my area? Every community water supplier must provide an annual report to its customers, known as a Consumer Confidence Report (CCR). The report provides information on your local drinking water quality, including the water’s source, contaminants found in the water, and how consumers can get involved in protecting drinking water. How often does the local public water system preform drinking water testing? Frequency of drinking water testing depends on the number of people served, the type of water source, and types of contaminants. Certain contaminants are tested more frequently than others, as established by the Safe Drinking Water Act. You can find out about levels of regulated contaminants in your treated water for the previous calendar year in your annual Consumer Confidence Report (CCR).